K-Meleon FAQ - Version 0.8
Last Updated November 10, 2003
Bookmarks, Favorites and Hotlists
Customization and Options
K-Meleon is an open-source browser based on Gecko, the rendering engine for Mozilla. It is intended to be a light, fast and customizable browser.
K-Meleon has been designed specifically to run on Win32 platforms. There are no plans to port K-Meleon to other operating systems. If you are looking for a Mozilla-based browser for Linux, visit the Galeon project. Camino is a Mozilla-based browser for Mac OS X.
K-Meleon is designed with a minimal interface that emphasizes speed and utility. It does not include features like e-mail client and web page editor that bloat Mozilla and other browsers, making them slow and cumbersome. The K-Meleon developers will consider enhancements that improve the performance and usefulness of the browser.
Download K-Meleon to your computer. Double-click the EXE file to start the installation process. If you have previously installed an earlier version of K-Meleon in the same location, you must first uninstall the old version before installing the new version. If you wish to use your old configuration and preference files with K-Meleon 0.8, please review the details on Migrating Profiles about changes necessary to make these files compatible with K-Meleon 0.8.
K-Meleon uses the Gecko rendering engine developed for Mozilla which provides excellent support for current HTML, CSS [level 1 and some level 2] and DOM standards.
K-Meleon provides several features that will be familiar to users of Internet Explorer including:
K-Meleon provides several features that will be familiar to users of Netscape and Mozilla including:
K-Meleon supports Java. If you want to use Java in K-Meleon, see the section on "How do I enable Java in K-Meleon?"
Note: Java support only works when the Browser Identification in the Privacy option section is set to Default.
The Loader automatically loads portions of K-Meleon at start-up to allow K-Meleon to launch more quickly from the Desktop. The Loader is an optional component and can be enabled during the installation. Be aware that if you use the loader, K-Meleon never "exits" so changes in various components will not take affect until you close the Loader and restart K-Meleon or restart Windows.
Bookmarks, Favorites and Hotlists
The first time K-Meleon is run with the bookmarks plugin installed, you will be prompted whether to locate your existing Netscape or Mozilla bookmarks. If you choose to do so, your bookmarks will be shared between K-Meleon and Netscape/Mozilla. You can also choose to have a new bookmarks file created for K-Meleon only. In Mozilla, your bookmarks file is stored in your profiles directory, which is different depending on your operating system:
K-Meleon automatically locates your Internet Explorer Favorites when it is run with the Favorites plugin enabled. Your Favorites are shared between K-Meleon and Internet Explorer.
The first time K-Meleon is run with the hotlist plugin installed, you will be prompted whether to create a new Hotlist for K-Meleon only. You can also choose to locate your existing Opera Hotlist and share that list between the two programs.
You can add and edit Bookmarks through the Bookmarks menu. If you choose to share Bookmarks between K-Meleon and Netscape/Mozilla the changes will be available in your other browser as well.
You can add and edit Favorites through the Favorites menu.
You can add URLs to the Hotlist through the Hotlist menu. If you chose to share Hotlist between K-Meleon and Opera, your additions will be available also from within Opera.
To enable a plugin, click on the Edit menu and then select Preferences - Plugins. In the Plugins window, select the plugin from the list and click the Enable/Disable button. Its icon will change to a checkmark on a green background. The next time K-Meleon runs, the plugin will be loaded. To disable a plugin, select the plugin from the list and click the Enable/Disable button the plugin. When the icon is unchecked, the plugin will be disabled the next time K-Meleon runs.
K-Meleon automatically detects these 3rd party plugins: Acrobat, Sun JRE, Quicktime, Windows Media Player 7.
Any Mozilla plugins (Shockwave, Adobe, etc.) should work by being copied into the plugins directory under K-Meleon. For an example of setting up 3rd party/Mozilla plugins, see the guide on installing Flash Player 6 for K-Meleon. You can check the status of any plugin by entering about:plugins in the K-Meleon location bar. A page will be displayed that shows all of your currently installed plugins. A comprehensive list of plugins and instructions on how to enable them for Mozilla-based browsers is available.
You must first install the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) to run Java applets in K-Meleon. You can download JRE 1.4 from http://java.sun.com/j2se/1.4/download.html. After you install JRE, K-Meleon automatically detects your JRE installation and no other configuration is necessary. To see if JRE is properly installed, type about:plugins in the URL bar. If you see Java Plug-in listed, K-Meleon properly recognizes the JRE.
Note: If you change the Browser Identification in Preferences - Privacy, Java will not work.
Customization and Options
K-Meleon currently supports a command-line option for starting that browser with a specific URL.
K-Meleon also supports command-line options for Profiles. You
can start with a specific profile by using -P <profile> where
<profile> is the name of any existing profile that you have:
K-Meleon also offers you
the option of starting with the most recently used Profile by using -P
If you have a profile stored in your Application Data directory, you can reference that location using -profilesDir $appdata
The home page and other browser preferences can be set in the preferences panel. The preferences panel can be accessed by selecting the Edit menu and the Preferences option. For developers and advanced users, a complete list of the K-Meleon specific preferences is available.
Key commands can be enabled, disabled and modified by clicking on the Edit menu and then selecting Preferences - Configs and then selecting the Accelerators tab. A step-by-step guide to modifying the key commands is available.
Macros can be enabled, disabled and modified by clicking on the Edit menu and then selecting Preferences - Plugins. Select Macro Extension Plugin and then click on the Configure button. Follow the instructions provided in the macros.cfg file. See the documentation section for more examples.
Profiles can be added, deleted and renamed by going to the Edit menu and selecting Manage Profiles.
Click on the Edit menu and select Preferences and then Proxies to configure your proxy settings. K-Meleon can also be configured to work properly with proxies such as Junkbuster that do not support the most recent HTTP specification. By default, K-Meleon tries to use HTTP 1.1. To use K-Meleon with a proxy that only supports HTTP 1.0, change the HTTP version under Edit - Preferences - General.
K-Meleon only accepts hostnames for manual proxies.
You can change the image used for the background image or even turn it off by clicking on the Edit menu and then selecting Preferences - Display. A help guide for using this feature is available.
We have a number of translations for the menu and tool bars in our Resources section. K-Meleon also automatically attempts to recognize character sets and display them properly.
K-Meleon allows you to control cookies the browser accepts. It also allows you to control the browser identity. You also have the ability to control and disable popup and popunder windows. Advanced users can setup additional site-policy privacy features by editing the prefs.js file. See http://www.mozilla.org/projects/security/components/ConfigPolicy.html for more details on advanced privacy features.
You can control which cookies K-Meleon accepts in the Preferences panel under the Privacy option. You can allow all cookies, only allow cookies from the site you are visiting or block all cookies.
K-Meleon allows you to set the UserAgent string that identifies the browser to the sites that it visits. You can access this feature in the Preferences panel under the Privacy option
The settings for blocking popup and popunder windows is located in the Preferences panel under the Privacy option:
Block popup windows: Thisblocks popup and popunder windows that launch when a page is loaded or exited. Most online advertisers use this method to generate their popup and popunder ads. This method still allows new windows generated by a mouse-click which are typically user-initiated versus advertiser initiated.
K-Meleon 0.8 provides SSL support.
This is solved by downloading a new MFC42.dll from Microsoft. Download and install the Windows Libraries Update:
Users with Windows95 and versions of Internet Explorer older than 5.0 need to download and install the "50comupd" Common Control Library from Microsoft:
A site not displaying properly is normally caused by one of two issues:
You need to disable the rebar menu plugin to enable the Alt + accelerator key combinations. See How do I enable or disable a K-Meleon plugin? for more details.
Espn.com doesn't "support" Mozilla-based browsers. You can fool the site by changing your Browser Identification to Internet Explorer 6 under Edit - Preferences - Privacy - Browser Identification. The change takes effect once you restart K-Meleon.
The Personal Security Manager (PSM) in Mozilla, which K-Meleon is built on, uses sockets for communication between its security components. These communications are internal to the browser and do not go out the Internet. There is no danger in allowing K-Meleon this access.
Mozilla does not provide proper support for 256 colors. See Mozilla Bug #88560
This is a known issue with K-Meleon when using the Bitmapped menus plugin with the Silver theme enabled in Windows XP. The current workaround is to disable the Bitmapped menus plugin.
This type of problem is usually the result of the DDE (Dynamic Data Exchange) option being set in the Windows registry for the type of URL that you are trying to open. If you go to the Windows Start menu, and select Settings, then Folder Options, then select the File Types tab. After you find the URL type in the list, click Edit, then click Edit again, then uncheck the "Use DDE" box, then click "OK" until you are out of the dialog.
If you know what you are doing, you can delete the DDE flag directly in the Windows registry for the URL type.
1. Go to Settings - Control Panel - Add/Remove Programs